The Health Benefits of Tiger Nuts

Healthline Newsletter


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Tiger nuts, also known as chufa, yellow nutsedge or earth almonds, are not actually nuts, but rather edible tubers.

They’re the size of a chickpea but wrinkly with a chewy texture and sweet nutty flavor similar to coconut.

Tiger nuts were one of the first plants cultivated in Egypt and traditionally used as both food and medicine.

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Confidentiality breaches, stigma and a lack of time are stopping men in Côte d’Ivoire from getting tested and treated for HIV

AVERT

April 2019

Interviews with men in Côte d’Ivoire reveal radical differences in the perceptions of those who do and don’t access care.

Research, published in PLOS ONE, found many of the worries of men out of care are not reflected in the experiences of those with regular contact with services. Men’s perceptions were linked with their level of engagement with HIV care, with men who have regular contact with HIV testing and treatment services displaying more positive attitudes than those with little or no contact with such services.

Photo credit: Fabian block

Côte d’Ivoire introduced a ‘treat all’ approach in 2017, meaning anyone diagnosed with HIV is immediately eligible for treatment regardless of the level of virus in their body. Despite this, just 29% of men living with HIV in the country were on treatment in 2017, compared to 60% of HIV positive women. This reflects the situation across sub-Saharan Africa, with men significantly less likely than women to get tested for HIV, less likely to be in HIV care, and more likely to die of AIDS-related illnesses.

Working in the cities of Abidjan, Bouaké and San Pedro, researchers conducted in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with 227 men aged 25 to 49. Some participants were living with HIV and on treatment, some were HIV positive and not on treatment, and some had unknown HIV status.

Participants were asked to describe benefits and concerns relating to HIV care in regards to both their personal interactions with nurses and physicians and the workings of health facilities.

Men living with HIV who were not on treatment and men with unknown HIV status were more likely to express concern about mistreatment or confidentiality breaches, while men living with HIV who were in care did not generally perceive health providers to display a lack of confidentiality. However, men across the board said the physical layout of health facilities – whereby people living with HIV were grouped together as they waited to be seen – did not adequately protect their privacy.

Another key concern related to actual or anticipated stigma. Men living with HIV who were not in treatment described having negative experiences at health facilities stemming from anticipating or experiencing demeaning treatment from staff due to their HIV status. Some men also expressed the belief that care providers were not administering HIV tests properly, with men who had not tested for HIV particularly sceptical of the ability of health workers to accurately carry out HIV tests. Conversely, men living with HIV who were in treatment tended to be positive about their interactions with care providers and did not cite stigma as an issue.

A number of HIV positive men, whether they were engaged in care or not, described interactions with staff as beneficial, particularly around the time of diagnosis.

Newly diagnosed men spoke of feeling encouraged when care providers gave them examples of other people living with HIV who appeared to be healthy. Men also described being supported to disclose their status to partners and receiving regular, supportive phone calls between appointments as helping them to accept their HIV status. The way in which some care providers ‘normalised’ HIV by comparing it to other common and less stigmatised illnesses also resonated with a number of men.

In general, men living with HIV who were in care viewed and valued providers as the primary source of guidance for maintaining their health. Similarly, men who had not tested for HIV said that they would be motivated to attend a health facility to receive clinical guidance should they be diagnosed as HIV positive. However, a number of men living with HIV criticised healthcare staff for using too many technical terms or not taking time to explain treatment. ART eligibility, viral load, and CD4 count were all concepts that many participants, regardless of their HIV status, were unable to explain.

Some men expressed a belief that the formal health system was primarily for women and children, while viewing the traditional care or self-medicating with herbal products as sometimes more suited for their own care. This view was also partly explained by some men’s perceptions that seeking help was an admission of weakness. These attitudes were more common among men who had not tested for HIV than men living with HIV, suggesting more must be done to reach out to men who shun healthcare as a result of harmful gender norms.

The practical issue of not having enough time to wait for a delayed appointment also discouraged some men from accessing HIV testing and care. Missing work to attend clinic visits was also described by men across the board as a major concern, with many saying this stopped them from seeking testing and/or treatment. Men living with HIV also mentioned the potential or actual cost of missing work due to the side effects of medication as a barrier to starting or staying on treatment. ART stock-outs were also cited as a reason for interrupting treatment.

Men of unknown HIV status particularly perceived visits to the health facility as expensive due to potential fees, even though HIV services in Côte d’Ivoire are generally delivered for free. When discussing financial costs, traditional care was frequently cited as an alternative and often preferred source of healthcare. Distance, convenience, and familiarity also meant men living with HIV who were not in treatment were more likely to access traditional care, regardless of whether they felt it was more effective or not. Conversely, men living with HIV who were on ART tended to critique the use of traditional medicine.

This research adds to the growing body of practical knowledge that can be used to better tailor HIV testing and treatment for men in Cote d’Ivoire. In general, understanding male perspectives on HIV care must be better prioritised or millions of men will continue to miss out on life-saving treatment with knock on effects for HIV transmissio

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21.1 Million children denied first dose of measles vaccine yearly—UNICEF

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News Agency of Nigeria

April 2019


UNICEF’s Executive Director, Henrietta Fore, made this known on Thursday in commemoration of the World Immunisation Week marked annually between April 24 and 30.


According to her, widening pockets of unvaccinated children have created a pathway to the measles outbreaks hitting several countries around the world today.
“The ground for the global measles outbreaks we are witnessing today was laid years ago; the measles virus will always find unvaccinated children.
“If we are serious about averting the spread of this dangerous but preventable disease, we need to vaccinate every child, in rich and poor countries alike, “ she said.
out on the first dose of the measles vaccine between 2010 and 2017 or 21.1 million children a year on average.
UNICEF’s Executive Director, Henrietta Fore, made this known on Thursday in commemoration of the World Immunisation Week marked annually between April 24 and 30.
According to her, widening pockets of unvaccinated children have created a pathway to the measles outbreaks hitting several countries around the world today.
“The ground for the global measles outbreaks we are witnessing today was laid years ago; the measles virus will always find unvaccinated children.
“If we are serious about averting the spread of this dangerous but preventable disease, we need to vaccinate every child, in rich and poor countries alike, “ she said.
Director, Henrietta Fore, made this known on Thursday in commemoration of the World Immunisation Week marked annually between April 24 and 30.
According to her, widening pockets of unvaccinated children have created a pathway to the measles outbreaks hitting several countries around the world today.
“The ground for the global measles outbreaks we are witnessing today was laid years ago; the measles virus will always find unvaccinated children.
“If we are serious about averting the spread of this dangerous but preventable disease, we need to vaccinate every child, in rich and poor countries alike, “ she saidwExecutive Director, weHenrietta Fore, made this known on Thursday in commemoration of the World wobvjf Week marked annually between April 24 and 30.
According to her, widening pockets of unvaccinated children have created a pathway to the measles outbreaks hitting several countries around the world today.
“The ground for the global measles outbreaks we are witnessing today was laid years ago; the measles virus will always find unvaccinated children.
“If we are serious about averting the spread of this dangerous but preventable disease, we need to vaccinate every child, in rich and poor countries alike, “ she said

UNICEF’s The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) says an estimated 169 million children missedThe United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) says an estimated 169 million children missed out on the first dose of the measles vaccine between 2010 and 2017 or 21.1 million children a year on average.

Sexual Assault Awareness Month Is Here: What You Need to Know

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HEALTH

One in three women experience sexual violence that involves physical contact, reports the CDC. No wonder this campaign held every April to prevent sexual assault is so important.

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Can Insects Compete With Beef, Poultry as Nutritional Powerhouses?

Joel B. Mason, MD, isn’t ready to pop a whole cricket in his mouth just yet. But he’s okay with eating granola, pasta, or energy bars made with powdered crickets.

“[Y]ou can fold it into a number of recipes and use it similarly to the way you use flour,” he said. Besides facilitating cooking and baking, “it gets past this yuck factor that most North Americans have about popping an insect into their mouth.”

Mason’s interest in edible insects doesn’t stem from living in exotic lands or indulging in culinary innovation. He’s a cancer researcher with an affinity for the environment. Preventing colon cancer through nutrition is his primary pursuit, and that’s part of where crickets come in.

Ton Koene/VWPics/AP Images
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New science tells us how to better manage our addictions.

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MARCH 2019

Illustrations by Viktor Koen
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What Recent Policy Changes Has the White House Made to Funding the HIV/AIDS Epidemic Globally?

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amfAR

The Foundation for AIDS Research

Overview

On January 23, 2017, President Trump reinstated and significantly expanded the Mexico City Policy (MCP), which prohibits non- U.S.-based nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) from receiving U.S. global health funding if they perform, counsel on, or refer for abortion, or advocate for its liberalization outside of limited exceptions. Whereas the MCP historically only implicated family planning funding, the expanded MCP (EMCP) now applies to all federal global health assistance funding. As such, the EMCP now applies to HIV funding through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), implicating hundreds of new implementing partners (IPs) that were previously exempt. While the EMCP’s impact on PEPFAR IPs is not yet known, previous iterations of the MCP prompted service reductions and clinic closures among family planning providers. In order to understand if and how PEPFAR IPs may be affected, amfAR, in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University, launched a confidential electronic survey and key-informant interviews with PEPFAR IPs to document any changes in organizational operations and service delivery prompted by the EMCP.

Background on the Mexico City Policy
• Since the 1970s, the Helms Amendment has prevented any U.S. foreign assistance funding from being used for abortion services, even during the Clinton and Obama administration years when the MCP was not in effect. In contrast to the Helms Amendment, however, the MCP extends restrictions to organizational activities as a whole, even those supported by non-U.S. funding.  Specifically, the EMCP restricts a nonU.S.-based NGO from engaging in the following activities while receiving U.S. global health assistance: 1) abortion services; 2) counseling on abortion; 3) referring for abortion; and 4) advocating for the liberalization of abortion access.  Limited exceptions in the cases of rape, incest, or if carrying the pregnancy to term would endanger a woman’s
life, are allowed in the EMCP language.

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MEDICAL DELIVERY, DRONES ARE SAVING LIVES

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Attend our Go Africa Health Expo in NYC on 4-2019

 

Fortune

January 16, 2019

 

Drones may one day make your life easier by delivering pizza, but today—in Rwanda—they are already playing a vital role in emergency medical services.

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Whats causes Alcoholism and its effects

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PainAssist

Alcoholism is a condition in which a person becomes addicted to alcohol consumption. In alcoholism, people depend on it completely and if at times they do not get alcohol, they begin to suffer from anxiety, depression and aggression. People involved in alcoholism do not have any control on drinking and usually consume alcohol continuously. National council on drug and dependency defines alcoholism as “A major chronic disease characterized by impaired control over drinking, obsession with the drug alcohol, using alcohol despite of its severe ill effects and alterations in thinking”.

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