Reducing Recurrent Strokes

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device that reduces the risk of a second stroke in patients whose first may have resulted from a blood clot traveling through a patent foramen ovale (PFO) and on to the brain has received FDA approval.

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Relief for Painful Intercourse

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The FDA has approved a medication to help relieve the moderate to severe pain some women may experience during sexual intercourse because of vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA) after menopause.

 

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Lifesaving App for Opioid Users

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Opioid users and their friends and families may soon have an app to locate a source of naloxone, the antidote that can stop or reverse the effects of an opioid overdose.

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Black Women Make Progress in Reducing HIV Disparity

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Declining HIV diagnoses among all US women appear to have cut the disproportionate burden of infection that beleaguers black women, according to a recent CDC study.

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The Healing Role of Postmastectomy Tattoos

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Moving the Needle on Recovery From Breast Cancer

am a tattoo artist who works with women after they’ve had mastectomies to transform their sense of disfigurement and loss of control into feelings of beauty and agency. On a good day, I can heal with my art.

Botanical imagery in a tattoo after mastectomy and surgical reconstruction.

Botanical imagery in a tattoo after mastectomy and surgical reconstruction.

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UCLA Researchers use Stem Cells to Grow 3-D Lungs

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RegenerVate

There’s currently no cure for IPF, or known reason behind the ailment’s affliction.

But thanks to new stem cell research conducted at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA, patients with the incurable disease may have hope on the horizon.

The UCLA research team successfully created three-dimensional lung ‘organoids’, coating tiny gel beads with lung-derived stem cells which self-assembled into the air sac shapes found in human lungs.

UCLA Researchers use Stem Cells to Grow 3-D Lungs

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic lung disease characterized by scarring of the lungs, making them broader and more rigid. The eventually fatal disease manifests in continually deteriorating shortness of breath, resulting in inefficient levels of oxygen to fuel the brain and other vital organs. Read more

Black Gains in Life Expectancy

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In recent decades the US black population has experienced substantial gains in life expectancy, now approaching the life expectancy of the white population. Between 1995 and 2014, the increase in black life expectancy at birth was more than double the white increase: a gain of 6.0 years from 69.6 years to 75.6 years for black people compared with a gain of 2.5 years from 76.5 years to 79.0 for white people.1 The difference in the percent per annum rate of increase was also more than double: 0.44 for black people, 0.17 for white people.

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Human Milk Protein Prevents Infections in Preterm Infants

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Diseases that affect premature infants in neonatal intensive care units are usually caused by hospital-acquired infections. Breast milk protects against infection by modifying the intestinal microbiome and boosting systemic immunity, but maternal colostrum is limited when infants are extremely preterm. According to a recent trial in The Journal of Pediatrics, feeding extremely low-weight preterm infants recombinant human lactoferrin talactoferrin (TLf), a human milk protein, was safe and resulted in fewer infections compared with placebo.

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Undervaccinated Kindergarteners

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The vast majority of US kindergarteners received a passing grade for being fully vaccinated on their first day of class last year. Even so, many kindergarteners are undervaccinated because they haven’t completed their immunization doses.

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Listerine May Help Control Spread of Gonorrhea

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The mouthwash Listerine may inhibit the growth of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, according to an in vitro study and a small randomized trial of men who have sex with men recently published in Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Gonorrhea is on the rise, especially among gay or bisexual men, as condom use has declined. To stop the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of N gonorrhoeae, the need for prevention measures that don’t rely on condoms is urgent, according to the authors.

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